History of Halloween!
Halloween is celebrated in all corners of the world on the night of October 31 to November 1
Also known as “All Hallows” Eve, Halloween takes place on the night of October 31, the day before “All Hallows Day” celebrated by Catholic and Protestant Christians.
Thus, the feast is a Christian one, and people from different countries go to church and light candles at tombs on the evening of October 31st. But the feast became popular with another habit. People dress up as characters, especially inspired by famous horror movies, go to parties, pick up pumpkins, go to haunted places, and watch horror movies.
The name “Halloween” comes from Scotland and is, in fact, the abbreviation of the Christian Celebration “All Hallows” Eve. The Scots say “All Hallows’ Even” (“even” means “evening” in their dialect, which can be pronounced and “een”), but over time the long name of this holiday turned into “(All) Hallow ) Eve (n), then in Halloween.
It is inspired by an ancient Celtic feast
In fact, the All Hallows’ Eve feast that gave the name of Halloween has its origins on an older Celtic feast, Samhain. The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area of Ireland and northern France, celebrated the New Year on November 1. This day marks the end of summer and harvest. That was when winter began, the time of the year associated with death.
The Celts believed that the boundaries between the world of living and dead people disappear this night. Then the dead were returning to the earth. To commemorate the event, the Druze, Celtic priests made huge fires, and men offered the gods. The Celts wore suits, mostly animal skins.
In AD 835, the Roman Catholic Church transformed November 1 into a Christian holiday, “All Hallows Day” or “The Feast of All Horsemen.” At the end of the 12th century, the feast was known and respected throughout Europe. Christians made cakes, which they shared with the poor, especially children. People were dressing up because tradition said that they would not be recognized by the evil spirits who are returning to the world of the living. Even sculpted pumpkins originated in those times. The candles made of pumpkins, with the same kind of carved faces in the shell, were considered to be representations of the souls of the dead.
Halloween arrives in America and then becomes famous all over the world
Halloween has hardly come to the British colonies in North America, especially because Protestants have refused to practice European traditions. But it was the New World that gave the world the whole Halloween, as it is known today.
In the colonies in the south of the North American continent, people gathered at public parties. Telling stories about the dead, fooling each other, guiding their future, dancing and singing, habits still preserved today.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Americans completely embraced the feast. Everywhere in North America, people were dressing and going home from home to ask for food and money.
But they eliminated much of the Christian superstitions and beliefs. People were advised to dress their children in the most entertaining costumes and parties were more important than church customs.
Since the mid-twentieth century, Americans have begun to associate Halloween with a children’s celebration, coming out on the streets to ask for sweets to their neighbors. Thus, Halloween has become a commercial holiday, which only brings in the United States over six billion dollars traders.
Thanks to the North American tradition, Halloween has arrived in all corners of the world. It is celebrated not only in Europe and North America, but also in South America, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and East Asia.
The Traditions of Modern Halloween
For Halloween, anyone going to a party chooses a suit. The costume originates from both Christians and Celts. For fear of being recognized by the spirits of the dead, men were disguising themselves. For fear of evil spirits, they wore masks after sunset. It was believed that the spirits confused them with other ghosts and left them alone.
Children go home from home to get sweets. In medieval Europe, on the Feast of All Saints, Christians gave the poor little cakes made especially for this day. In exchange for food, the needy people promised to pray for the dead. Over time, the children began to go to their neighbors, who gave them beer, food and money.
Traditionally, Halloween serves dishes made from pumpkin, apples and walnuts. This is because as an important religious celebration.
Because Halloween has spread all over the world, many traditions are different and old Christian habits are no longer in place. Parades are organized in the USA and Canada, and celebrations are spectacular, in the rest of the world. The feast is popular especially among young people, organizing private parties and going to clubs.
Most non-European countries have adopted Halloween due to the influence of American culture and are more on the commercial side of the holiday. For example, in Hong Kong, nobody comes out on the streets and does not go from neighbor to neighbor to ask for candy.