Red Wine Benefits, Properties And Effects
Red wine is one of the healthiest alcoholic drinks, with many benefits for heart, circulation and brain.
Statistics show that red wine is preferred by most people, to the detriment of white and rose wine, consumed in much smaller quantities. Whether you prefer it with good food or you like to pour a glass after a long day, red wine can have therapeutic effects on the body while you consume it with moderation.
Red wine: vitamins and minerals
The only mineral that can be found in red wine is manganese. It has properties that protect cells from oxidation processes that arise from stress and neutralize free radicals. Manganese can accelerate your metabolism, help develop bone cartilage and heal wounds. A man needs 2.3 mg of manganese daily, while the recommended dose for women is 1.8 mg. A glass of red wine contains about 0.2 mg, between 9-11% of the recommended daily dose.
Red wine also contains other minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus or fluorine. Electrolytes from potassium and sodium are important for maintaining muscle mass and proper heart function. Other minerals in wine, zinc, selenium and copper act as antioxidants that protect healthy heart cells. Red wine also contains a small amount of iron, which helps to improve oxygen transport to cells.
Vitamins B, found in red wine, is extremely important for the body. Red wine also contains thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, folate and vitamin B6. These vitamins help your metabolism work properly, help in the formation of new red blood cells and protect the neuronal cells.
In red wine there are also small amounts of vitamins A and K. Vitamin A is essential for sight because it maintains the elasticity of the membranes around the eyes, maintains the elasticity of the skin and helps your bones recover. Vitamin K helps blood clotting and heals wounds.
Red wine benefits for health
Consumed in moderate amounts, red wine can have many health benefits:
- Reduces the risk of cancer. Studies have shown that red wine reduces the incidence of colon, ovarian or prostate cancer.
- Reduces the risk of dementia. Red wine protects neuronal cells from degenerative diseases and keeps them healthy.
- Reduces the risk of depression. One study showed that older people consuming between 2 and 7 glasses of wine per week suffer less often from depression or anxiety.
- Reduces body resistance to insulin. Red wine can protect against diabetes, because it increases your insulin sensitivity.
- Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes at women.
- Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Resveratrol in wine protects the heart and elasticity of the blood vessels, helping to keep the circulatory system functioning properly.
- Prevents blood clots and reduces the risk of stroke.
- It lowers the “bad” cholesterol level in the blood. Resveratrol increases the blood cholesterol level and helps to reduce bad cholesterol, which has many benefits to the health of the entire body.
Nutritional values of red wine
In addition to antioxidants, red wine also contains important nutrients for the body. Here are the nutritional values for 100 milliliters of red wine:
- Calories: 65
- Protein: 0.1 mg
- Carbohydrates: 2 mg
- Fat: 0
- Fiber: 0
- Vitamin B1: 0.01 mg
- Vitamin B2: 0.02 mg
- Potassium: 100 mg
- Magnesium: 20 mg
- Phosphorus: 20 mg
- Calcium: 7 mg
- Iron: 0.9 mg
- Colina: 2 mg
The number of calories per 100 ml of red wine may vary depending on the grape variety from which it is made. But also depending on which sweeteners it contains and what alcohol concentration it has. There is the myth that sweet wine is richer than calories. But you should know that a wine with a higher alcohol concentration may exceed the number of calories of sweet wine.
What is resveratrol and what are its therapeutic effects?
Resveratrol is part of a group of compounds called polyphenols. These are antioxidants that protect your body against free radicals, slow down the aging process and prevent heart disease and cancer. Resveratrol is the most powerful antioxidant known and is found especially in the grape peel. But also in those purple fruit of berries such as blackberries and blueberries. The benefits of this antioxidant for the body are innumerable: it reduces inflammation in the blood vessels, lowers cholesterol and prevents blood clots that can cause brain attacks.
Resveratrol also prevents the formation and spread of cancer cells, and studies show that this antioxidant slowly kills diseased cells, helping the body regenerate its healthy cells at a faster pace. Resveratrol protects the brain and reduces the risk of degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s.
For people prone to diabetes, resveratrol increases the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which reduces the risk of developing this disease. And a new research analyzes the effect of this antioxidant on the SIRT1 gene. Scientists believe that resveratrol would activate this gene, which protects us from obesity and reduces the effects of the aging process.
How and under what conditions should the red wine be consumed?
A study by the University of Nebraska concluded that the best time to enjoy a glass of red wine is in the evening. Wine helps you relax and relieve stress, having an inhibitory effect on cortisone production in the body, also known as stress hormone. Thus, a glass of wine before bedtime helps you to fall asleep and get better rest.
In terms of optimal quantity, it differs from women to men. The American Heart Association recommends that women consume no more than a 150 ml glass of wine, while the recommended dose for men is 300 ml. The difference comes from how each body metabolizes and absorbs alcohol, this process being faster for women. A 4-7 glass of wine per week helps you enjoy all the benefits of this drink and not put your health in jeopardy.
Is it true that red wine is fattening?
One study shows that people who drink a glass of wine 4-6 times a week can prolong their lives and have a high level of good cholesterol in the blood. And another research published in the American Journal of Nutrition has found that the benefits of red wine are closely related to the high antioxidant content. Which also helps improve digestion.
In other words, consumed in moderate amounts, red wine does not get fat. A glass of 150 ml of wine contains about 125 calories, which does not mean a high caloric intake, especially in the case of a balanced diet. However, people who drink more drinks one evening can accumulate a significant amount of calories only from wine. So the myth that the fatty red wine has a real basis, but it’s fake while you drink this small amount.
Red wine is a good aphrodisiac: myth or truth?
Red wine is one of the strongest known aphrodisiacs and can improve libido, but consumed in large quantities has the opposite effect altogether. A group of Italian researchers discovered that red wine increases women’s libido more than other beverages, because it stimulates blood circulation in the erogenous areas of women. For men, red wine increases the level of testosterone in the blood, a hormone on which sexual appetite depends.
Couples who want to enjoy the full benefits of red wine over their sexual life can choose to divide a bottle so that none of the partners consume more than two glasses. This is the limit beyond which red wine not only does not stimulate sexual appetite but can also affect the performance of both partners.
Red Wine: Contraindications
One of the most famous myths about red wine is that it is not indicated for people suffering from heart disease, diabetics, those with tension problems or those who have a high risk of stroke. If you suffer from one of these conditions, it is good to ask for a doctor’s opinion before consuming wine. There are many studies that have shown that red wine helps the circulatory system and, contrary to the myth, can help people who have hypertension. But this is only true for moderate consumption, up to a glass a day. Red wine also lowers bad cholesterol levels. Improves elasticity of blood vessels, prevents blood clots and sensitizes the body to insulin. Which can be helpful for people who suffer from diabetes.
Pregnant women are not allowed to consume any type of alcohol, and here comes the wine. Alcohol increases the risk of malformations in the fetus, so doctors recommend it to be avoided during pregnancy. In the case of breastfeeding women, they are allowed to drink a glass of wine occasionally. But only after they have fed their baby. Otherwise, alcohol can reach the child’s body, whose liver and digestive system are not sufficiently developed to metabolize alcohol.
But you have to know that not all brands of wine are just as good. Some manufacturers add sugar to sweeten the drink, which can be especially dangerous for diabetics. Also, a quality wine will not contain hazardous sulphites or preservatives or harmful additives to the body, so it is good to read the labels carefully.
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